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Planning Resources

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Disaster Preparedness
This American Red Cross webpage encourages families to "Get Prepared" for disasters at home, school, work, and in the community. It also offers preparedness Tips Of The Day for a variety of disasters.
"Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Environmental Governance" by Harriet Bulkeley and Michele Betsill.
This book provides an analysis of the role of cities in addressing climate change and the prospects for urban sustainability.
Includes information to help ensure safe and secure transportation for persons with disabilities in the event of a disaster or emergency.
New book: On understanding the foundations and frameworks of terrorism. Mental Health care resource that explores programs to prevent and counteract its effects.
Florida's American Red Cross chapters have launched this hurricane preparedness campaign focused on preparing Floridians for the upcoming hurricane seasons.
9/11 List Serv
---------------- Since September 2001 I have maintained a free and confidential "9/11 list-serv". The "9/11 list-serv" distributes daily e-mails containing newspaper articles and other relevant information re: 9/11 issues of interest to 9/11 families and 9/11 organizations. If any of your readers would like to 'subscribe' to this free service - please have them send an e-mail to with the word "subscribe" in the subject box. -----------------------
9/11 List-serv
Since September 2001 I have maintained a free and confidential "9/11 list-serv". The "9/11 list-serv" distributes daily e-mails containing newspaper articles and other relevant information re: 9/11 issues of interest to 9/11 families, 9/11 organizations and interested individuals. If you would like to 'subscribe' to this free service - please send an e-mail to with the word "subscribe" in the subject box.
Before disbanding in late December, the 9/11 Public Discourse Project released its final report assessing the status of the 41 recommendations made by the commission in July 24 to make the United States a safer, more secure nation. The progress was measured in grades, and the resulting report is littered with many Cs, Ds, and Fs. Here is the report in PDF form.
Before disbanding in late December, the 9/11 Public Discourse Project released its final report assessing the status of the 41 recommendations made by the commission in July 24 to make the United States a safer, more secure nation. The progress was measured in grades, and the resulting report is littered with many Cs, Ds, and Fs. Here are the remarks of Chairman Thomas H. Kean and Vice Chair Lee H. Hamilton.
Regularly updated information on scope of disaster and human impact, local disaster preparedness program information, collection site for information on nonprofits’ respective volunteer needs following a disaster.
Article from Disaster News Network in which security consultor Tom Kennedy talks about the recent NYC transit strike, enumerates its lessons, and urges family disaster planning.
Downtown Express Article
Article from the Washington Post that tries to explain FEMA's ineptitude concerning Katrina relief. Features many quotes from Michael D. Brown, formerly FEMA's director and a Department of Homeland Security undersecretary.
Locating and Reaching At-Risk Populations in an Emergency.
This BBC article reports that poor communication and a lack of basic medical supplies hampered the rescue operations of the July 7 UK bombings.
This report contains recommendations to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism --- preparedness planning, detection and surveillance, laboratory analysis, emergency response, and communication systems.
Emergency/Recovery Planning for the the Anglican and Protestant Christian Community.
Facilitate by NYC Office of Emergency Management. This Council supports CERT (Community Emergency Response Team)training programs and other interagency community preparedness and training programs.
CNN's 2004 hurricane web pages can be found here.
Mental Health Risk Communication Guidelines for Pubic Officials.
NYDIS staff are credentialled to provide clergy and caregivers with resilience training for compassion fatigue burn out. Training is provided through NYDIS' Office of Disaster Planning & Training.
The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Ready Campaign released three new demonstration videos on the specific steps older Americans, individuals with disabilities and special needs, and pet owners should take to prepare for emergencies. DHS worked with AARP, the National Organization on Disability, and The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) to develop these new emergency preparedness resources. The new videos are released in time for National Preparedness Month 2007, a nationwide effort held each September to encourage Americans to take simple steps to prepare for emergencies.
disaster preparedness, training, workshops, presentations
Resources from the Disaster Planning section of
Resources from the Disaster Training section of
"Disaster Planning, Emergency Preparedness & Business Continuity" is a free guideline that offers the points an organization needs to think about in order to prepare its own disaster recovery plan so that, should an interruption occur, it is able to resume operations. Published by the Nonprofit Coordinating Committee of New York. We encourage you to take this document and use it as you wish: cut and paste those sections that are applicable, expand where needed. Assign a crew to complete the various sections, take a copy it on your intranet...give copies to key personnel, the board chair, the secretary or another appropriate board member.
Provides on-site psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic services in coordination with other agencies, educational programs, referral mechanisms, and research. DPO is a National and International Relief and Recovery Provider and a Member of National VOAD
Published by the Natural Hazards Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Disaster Research (DR) is a moderated e-mail newsletter for creators and users of information regarding hazards and disasters. Subscriptions are free, and there approximately 3,000 subscribers. The e-newsletter features timely announcements about new policies and programs, funding opportunities, calls for papers and presentations, conferences, resources, job openings, and other information useful to those in the field of hazards and disasters.
This website is maintained by the Law Library at the University of California, Berkeley. It features information related to the law's role in natural hazards mitigation and disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
Stories of faith and how faith communities respond to disasters. Includes stories of faith groups making various kinds of disaster kits.
This website aims to integrate professional communities of homeland security.
Last Updated in the Fall of 2004 - this is a resource list of New York City's community-based disaster readiness, response and recovery organizations. Contact information and services summarys are provided.
Last Updated in the Fall of 2004 - this is a resource list of New York City's faith communities with disaster readiness, response and recovery organizations. Contact information and services summarys are provided.
Last Updated in the Fall of 2004 - this is a resource list of New York City's government disaster readiness, response and recovery organizations. Contact information and services summarys are provided.
Last Updated in the Fall of 2004 - this is a resource list of New York City's faith-based disaster readiness, response and recovery organizations. Contact information and services summarys are provided.
articles about use of media for disaster mental health workers during a disastee: Chapter in book about media: Resources about media for disaster mental heatlh workers: chapter in book: Kuriansky, J., "Working Effectively with the Mass Media in Disaster Mental Health" in Reyes, G. & Jacobs, G. (2005) Handbook of International Disaster Psychology,1st of 4 vols. Westport: Praeger Publishers, pp127-146. article: Kuriansky, J. Disaster and the Media: Experience and Advice on the Psychologist’s Role, Amplifier, Newsletter of Division 46 of the American Psychological Association, 2005, retrieve from:, page 7.
This report from the Congressional Research Service provides a general overview of the federally funded programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education and the training programs of the U.S. Department of Labor that might be used to help those affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. This is in PDF format.
Operation Hope offers this free Emergency Financial First Aid Kit. Designed to help Americans minimize the financial impact of a natural disaster of national emergency, this tool helps users identify and organize key financial records and serves as a quick reference to important financial documents.
This U.S. Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy report is from a 2003 conference on emergency preparedness.
This training toolkit was developed in collaboration by the Montgomery County, Maryland Employee SAFE Children Planning Group, Montgomery County Early Childhood Services, Montgomery County Resource and Referral Center, and the Montgomery County APC. The toolkit is designed to plan and prepare child care providers for emergency events and to assist in the recovery effort by helping children cope with the traumatic event. A train-the-trainer guide is included.
The article focuses on the formal system of emergency preparation and response in the U.S. It is stated that emergency management system is develop to minimize damage and to meet the physical needs of disaster victims. Moreover, the functions of energy response system is described based on emotional and spiritual needs.
This guide aims to help organizations prepare for the upcoming hurricane season. The guide examines what can be done before, during, and after a hurricane.
November 2004 Statement regarding a bomb threat against the Presbyterian Church USA.
This checklist provides guidance for religious organizations (churches, synagogues, mosques, temples, etc), social service agencies that are faith-based, and community organizations in developing and improving influenza pandemic response and preparedness plans. More information is available at
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is using technology to make it easier to apply for disaster assistance. In addition to registering by phone, residents of federal disaster areas may now apply online for assistance as well as find valuable recovery information.
Resource that covers a wide range of topics and how to broach them with children.
FEMA national plan flood hazard maps for all areas at flood risk across the country - updated 2005
Locating and Reaching At-Risk Populations in an Emergency.
New York Consortium for Emergency Preparedness Continuing Education (NYCEPCE) Online Interactive Courses Include: Personal Preparedness EP for Hospital Clinicians Working in a POD
Federal website featuring access to federal, state, and local geographic data. This also includes information and resources on geospatial data and related issues for disasters.
This guide from The Infrastructure Security Project provides a framework for governments, service providers, and other involved organizations. The focus is on multihazards, with the goal of sensibly and cost-effectively securing interdependent cyber and physical critical infrastructures. This is a PDF download.
Issued in 2003, the purpose of HSPD-8 is to "establish policies to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent and respond to threatened or actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies by requiring a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal."
This is the Presidential directive by George W. Bush, set forth in Dec. 2003, establishes policies to strengthen the preparedness of the United States to prevent and respond to threatened or actual domestic terrorist attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies by requiring a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal, establishing mechanisms for improved delivery of Federal preparedness assistance to State and local governments, and outlining actions to strengthen preparedness capabilities of Federal, State, and local entities.
The goal of the HSSD is to provide a single comprehensive source for standards that relate to homeland security.
This resource answers questions about the National Response Framework regarding General Information, Coordination and Planning, Adjudication of Comments and Outreach, Updates and Changes, Definitions and Details, and Training.
Is a Non-Profit association of human service provider agencies in New York City. HSC also sponsors the HSC Disaster Preparedness Committee which offers disaster preparedness and recovery training to human services staff and provide interagency preparedness planning. The HSC is the parent agency of the United Services Group which coordinates all case management services in a major disasters.
This web site from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coastal and Marine Geology Program features hurricane and extreme storm impact studies conducted to better predict coastal change and identify hazards to be avoided. Recent studies feature Hurricane Charley, Frances, Ivan, Katrina, and Rita.
Information about and support for the latest version of HURREVAC (HURRicane EVACuation program), software design to track hurricanes and assist with decision making, is available here.
By: Gavagan, Thomas F.; Noji, Eric. Southern Medical Journal, Sep2007, Vol. 100 Issue 9, p926-927, 2p; (AN 26590486) The article describes the general approach in international settings and domestic disaster relief following Hurricane Katrina in the U.S. The author cited that many physicians are unaccustomed to command and control organization models, having practiced in more loosely organized groups affiliated for business or academic purposes. In addition, a disaster plan should be developed ahead of time to create an opportunity between participants in a future emergency response.
Summary of the Capitol Hill briefings on Hurricans sponsored by the Congressional Hazards Caucus in July 2005.
The ICE campaign encourages cell phone users to type "ICE" followed by an emergency contact name and number into the address book of their phones. This can aid emergency responders in notifying the individual's ICE contact. More information, background, and details can be found on the site.
This overview of the IOCC's ministry incorporates some very helpful information on setting up a disaster response team in a small denomination.
NY Emergency Planning Seminars
This Heritage Foundation report discusses the role that nongovernmental organizations, private sector initiatives, and individual civic deeds play during exteme emergencies. It is available here in PDF and website format.
Light Our Way is published by the National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster to provide a common framework and reference for best practices of Spiritual Care in Disaster. It is an accessible resource for spiritual care providers to understand the importance and uniqueness of spiritual care in disaster.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has launched this site to help Spanish-speaking business owners to prepare their employees and companies for emergencies.
This is the website for Louisiana State University's Center for the Study of Public Health Impacts of Hurricanes. The site offers a comprehensive source of hurricane-related resources and links.
Lutheran Disaster Response (LDR) is a collaborative ministry of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS). On their behalf, LDR responds to disasters in the United States and its territories to deliver services to survivors and the impacted community throughout all stages of the disaster response (emergency, relief and long-term recovery).
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has updated its Mass Trauma and Preparedness web pages to include a variety of new information.
FEMA and NIC recently released three new resources outlining ways in which state and local incident managers can modify emergency operations plans and standard operating procedures to align with NIMS concepts and terminology.
The National Association of Development Organizations has prepared this report, titled "Regional Approaches to Homeland Security Planning and Preparedness." It examines the various regional initiatives, models, and strategies being used by state and local officials to improve preparedness, prevention, and response capactity for disasters.
Provides curriculum development in bioterrorism, training for public health professionals and first responders, development of model programs, a wide-ranging research agenda and public policy analysis around issues germane to disaster preparedness.
A public-private partnership that seeks to educate hurricane-vulnerable individuals
From the Dept. of Homeland Security, this outlines the aims of the NIMS, a system that intends to provide a nationwide approach for all governments to prepare, prevent, respond to, and recover from all manner of domestic incidents.
Located in Oklahoma City, The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) is dedicated to expanding and sharing knowledge to help prevent terrorism and mitigate its effects. This official website is full of researched data and other pertinent information. Specifically, it includes a "Terrorism Knowledge Base" that provides information on terrorist incidents, related court cases, and listed organizations.
This web links to the preparedness area of the FEMA website and links to a powerpoint of the 60 distinct operational resources managed by FEMA in a national disaster deployement. Specifically, the Resource Typing Definitions - I within the National Mutual Aid and Resource Management Initiatives. As defined by Federal Emergency Management Agency in January 2004.
This National Organization On Disability tool provides an interactive directory of regional, state, and local disability-related emergency management resources.
This brochure offers an overview of the National Response Framework, its history, and its purpose.
Released by DHS in January 2008, this document is an extensive description of the National Response Framework (NRF). The NRF is intended to coordinate between all levels of government and community organizations for to manage everything from local incidents to national emergencies such as terrorist attacks or natural disasters.
This fact sheet offers basic information about the National Response Framework, released by DHS in January 2008.
FEMA mitigation grants are highly cost-effective, says this two-volume study report from the Multihazard Mitigation Council of the National Institute of Building Sciences. On average, each dollar spent on mitigation saves society an average of $4 in avoided future losses. Download the study here.
A bimonthly periodical of the National Hazards Center. Covers current disaster issues, national, international and local disaster management, mitigation, education programs and other related topics.
This website for New Jersey's statewide interfaith disaster long-term recovery agency is dedicated to developing and responding to the needs of those recovering from 9/11 and any disaster affecting New Jersey residents.
Main NYC citywide web-based and hotline resource for post-disaster relief and recovery volunteerism sign-up,. New York Cares also provides information and trainings for volunteers.
New York City based non-profit federation of faith-based disaster readiness, response and recovery human service providers and philanthropies. NYDIS provides mitigation education and preparedness training for clergy, religious leaders, houses of worship and coordinative services for faith communities during a disaster. NYDIS also provides 9/11 and disaster recovery services as well as disaster planning coordiantion with government agencies on behalf if its members.
Serves as an umbrella policy and advocacy organization for 150 groups in NY State that work with immigrants and refugees; provides workshops, seminars, newsletter, and action alerts. Including disaster preparedness and recovery initiatives that impact immigrants.
Facilitate by New York State Emergency Management Office. This Council supports CERT (Community Emergency Response Team)training programs and other interagency community preparedness and training programs. And provides monthly newsletters.
Developed by New York State Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NYS VOAD), this 2007-08 directory contains information about agencies in New York that work in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
This is the website for a community-based not-for-profit dedicated to sustainable neighborhoods. NHSNYC is able to assist residents with loans and grants, retro-fitting for loss mitigation and rehab of damaged homes. Also, education in home maitenance, financial planning and insurance.
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) has produced a manual, Basic Guidance for Public Information Officers (PIOs), which aims to optimize the work of PIOs at all levels of government. It provides instruction about communicating effectively during emergencies to make sure that disaster victims, the media, and the public receive reliable, up-to-date information.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration website overs this Historical Hurricane Tracks tool as an interactive mapping application that allows the user to easily search and display Atlantic Basin and East-Central Pacific Basin tropical cyclone data.
Among many other advocacy and capacity building programs for Non-Profits based in New York City. NPCC also offers Disaster Planning, Emergency Preparedness & Business Continuity resource.
Disaster News Network Article: An odd plea rang out to New York's disaster responders: "Don't prepare for another 9/11."
NYC DOHMH on-line portal for healthcare and mental health resources for preparing for disasters and public health emergencies.
Emergency Management Online Locator System (EMOLS) offers pertinent information about ongoing or potential emergencies in the City from hurricanes to nor'easters to terrorist attacks.
Archive of all previous editions of NYDIS' bi-weekly e-newsletter called NYDISnet. NYDISnet Alerts are distributed during emergencies or at the request of New York City Office of Emergency Management to provide urgent issues or news relevant to New York City clergy and religious communities. To sign-up for NYDISnet go to
The “NYDIS Manual for New York City Religious Leaders: Spiritual Care and Mental Health for Disaster Response and Recovery” is a comprehensive resource tool to enable NYC religious leaders to best serve their congregations and the public as they respond to and recover from disasters. Its 19 chapters were written by 16 disaster mental health and spiritual care experts. Organized in three sections, Preparation & Mitigation, Response & Recovery, and Reference & Resources, the Manual offers an overview of the lifecycle of disasters, discusses the role of faith leaders throughout these phases, and provides information on skill sets, training resources and effective clinical and pastoral best practices.
The Tip Sheets are a free resource to provide New York City’s religious leaders with a basic orientation to the skills and tools they will need in times of crisis. They are to be used for mitigation education and preparedness training orientation or as a quick reference in times of crisis.
Calling all Ready New Yorkers! Are you prepared for an emergency? If so, OEM wants to hear your story. OEM invites New Yorkers to share stories of how they have prepared for emergencies through the Ready New Yorker of the Month contest. Each month, residents may submit their preparedness testimonials to OEM and the winner will be named the “Ready New Yorker of the Month” and receive two Go Bags, backpacks with basic supplies residents should have on hand for use in an emergency. Explain how you got through any type of emergency or how you plan to combat any disaster that comes your way. Inspire other New Yorkers to get prepared by sharing your story of preparedness on the OEM website.
This January 2008 document was developed expressly for emergency management practitioners as an overview of the process, roles, and responsibilities for requesting and providing all forms of Federal assistance. This overview also presents a summary of each of the 15 Emergency Support Function Annexes and 8 Support Annexes including their purpose, capabilities, membership, and concept of operations. The complete annexes are contained in the online NRF Resource Center.
This is the official U.S. government Web site for up-to-date information on Avian Influenza or Pandemic Flu.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Domestic Disaster Response offers this resource to assist congregations plan to sustain spiritual care and worship in a time of pandemic flu.
This PDF file is a "Faith-Based & Community Organizations Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Checklist." It was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, released in January 2006, and can also be found at
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) Integration Center (NIC) has posted this list, which includes federal preparedness funding programs withstate and local entities. FEMA 2004
Operation HOPE, a national organization focused on bringing financial literacy and empowerment to underserved US communities offers the ”Personal Disaster Preparedness Guide,” under its HOPE Coalition America program, which serves as a resource network of companies, including banking, financial services, and insurance as well as government, social service and emergency relief organizations that mobilize to respond to disasters.
The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), representing local health departments, seeks to improve people’s health by promoting national policy, developing resources and programs, seeking health equity, and supporting effective local public health practice and systems. They are offering resources on their website that include: an Indian Tribes Survey Template, a Special Populations Template, a Special Needs Shelter Plan, and a Toolkit for Congregations.
The Center For Infectious Disease Research and Policy, funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, has developed “Promising Practices: Pandemic Preparedness Tools,” a collection of over 130 public health preparedness practices used by healthcare experts across the country and world. The project aims to prepare and educate public health professionals by sharing peer-reviewed best practices related to pandemic influenza.
The Office of Emergency Management’s (OEM) Ready NY preparedness campaign is designed to help New Yorkers better prepare for all types of emergencies. The Ready NY preparedness guides and brochures are available online and in many languages. They are geared for businesses, hurricanes, pets, households, seniors, the disabled, and kids – and there’s even a pocket guide.
Preparedness guide and resources (eight languages).
This study from the Sloan Foundation examines the role of disaster preparedness in the workplace. In PDF format.
Rebuild New Orleans by securing the passage of a bill in Congress that will protect the city from Category 5 hurricanes by providing the funds for a strengthened levee system.
This repoort addresses emergency responder needs, the proposed reduction in appropriations for federal homeland security assistance, the determination of state and local homeland security risk assessment factors, the absence of emergency responder equipment standards, the development of state and local homeland security strategies, and the limited number of state and local officials with security clearances.
Preparing Healthcare Leaders for the New Reality. This Book focuses on planning and preparedness, with a special emphasis on issues of terrorism. Leaders in the fields of emergency medicine, law, and terrorism response provide guidance in the areas of: Understanding the legal and ethical issues surrounding disaster planning and preparedness, Obtaining disaster assistance from FEMA, Navigating the web of governmental and agency direction, control, and oversight and achieving and maintaining local interagency cooperation.
Major Terroris Events and U.S. Outcomes (1993-2003)
The Initiative is a partnership of the National Hurricane Center, the Salvation Army, the National Emergency Management Association, and others. The purpose is to build hurricane knowledge through the use of various media. This is the Initiative's website.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recently announced this new storm ratings system, which refines and improves the original Fujita Scale in rating tornadoes. Specifically, wind speed will be measured more accurately. This webpage explains the original Fujita scale and its proposed revisions.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recently announced this new storm ratings system, which refines and improves the original Fujita Scale in rating tornadoes. Here is the 109-page report submitted to the National Weather Service by the Wind Science and Engineering Center as Texas Tech University.
The primary role of the National Academic Consortium for Homeland Security is to promote, support, and enhance academic research, technology development, education and training, and service programs dealing with all aspects of international and homeland security through collaboration and information sharing.
NEHRP is the FEMA program to reduce the risks to life and property from earthquakes. The site has a wealth of information including resources, best practices, news releases, an FAQ, and more.
Includes, recommendations for developing A Disaster Response Plan For Your Annual Conference.
Designed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to categorize major snowstorms in the Northeast, the Northeast Snowfall Impact Scale (NESIS) quickly calculates and ranks a storm's impact soon after it hits.
"Toward a Climate-Friendly Built Environment" and "U.S. Electric Power Sector and Climate Change Mitigation." Both reports identify a number of policiy options and technologies for greenhouse gas reductions in the U.S. buildings and electricity sectors.
The National Weather Service founded the Tsunami Ready program to provide coastal communities with guidelines for hazard awareness, improved planning, and public education to help them survive in the event of a tsunami strike.
The U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security's National Resopnse Plan, which establishhas announced es a unified and standardized approach to help protect public health, safety, property, and the environment from terrorist attacks and other natural and human-induced hazards.
This US Senate hearing looked at research and development to protect America's communities from disaster. A video of the hearing is available (fast forward the video about 16 minutes).
This hearing examined the need for a national all-hazards alert and public warning system. An audio transcript is available on the site.
The Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 was recently modified and extended. The original law established a temporary Terrorism Risk Insurance Program of shared public and private compensation for insured commercial property and casualty losses resulting from an act of terrorism. This webpage contains complete information on the program.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's final statistics on fatalities and general damages caused by weather-related hazards in the U.S. in 2004. Available from the National Weather Service Office of Climate, Weather, and Water Services.
What to Do Next When Disaster Strikes is a CD resource for Episcopal congregations and clergy on how to prepare for and respond to a disaster.
This pocket survival guide focuses on simple steps individuals can take to prepare for and respond to terrorist attacks with chemical, biological, radiological ("dirty bomb"), and nuclear weapons.
Released on January 22, 2008, this document explains the difference between the new National Response Framework and the old National Response Plan.
The resources listed here deal with helping schools and communities prepare for and prevent school violence, as well as cope with and respond to instances of violence. The list also includes statistics and research on school safety.
This is a long-term recovery disaster assistance guide, provided by the New York Council On Adoptable Children.